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Citation Guide: Welcome

Get help in citing your sources for your assignments.

Prairie State College Writing Center

Writing Center

The Writing Center offers half-hour one-on-one tutoring sessions to help you with writing assignments in any of your classes. Walk-ins are welcome if a consultant is available, but appointments are encouraged. To make an appointment, stop by room 2637 in the Student Success Center, schedule an appointment online, or call (708) 709-3521.


Room 2637 (Second Floor)


Mon Tues Weds Thurs Fri
9am - 7pm 9am - 7pm 9am - 2pm 9am - 2pm 9am - Noon

For more information:

Contact the Reception Desk 
(708) 709-3663 or  (708) 709-3521 

Schedule an Appointment Online 

Why do we cite?

Citing your sources is important for a variety of reasons, including:

  • It gives credit to the authors of the sources you used
  • It provides your reader with more information about your sources
  • It shows your credibility
  • It prevents plagiarism!

The easiest way to prevent plagiarism is by correctly noting your sources during research and citing your sources in your writing and presentations.

When to cite your sources

  • When you use an exact quote
  • When you restate or paraphrase an idea from a resource
  • When you summarize a work
  • All sources you use should be included in the References page, except those mentioned in Sections 6.18 and 6.20 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.)

Types of Plagarism

  Clone: Submitting another's work, word-for-word, as your own.

 CRTL-C: Containing significant portions of text from a single source without alterations.

  Find-Replace: Changing keywords and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source.

  Remix: Mixing paraphrased material from multiple sources.

  Recycle: Borrowing generously from your own work without citation.

  Hybrid: Combining cited sources and copied passages without citation.

  Mash-Up: Mixing copied material from multiple sources.

  404 Error: Citing non-existent or inaccurate information about sources.

  Aggregator: Including proper citation of sources, but the paper contains almost no original work.

  Re-tweet: Including proper citation of sources, but relies too closely on source's original wording and/or structure.

Source: "The 10 Types of Plagiarism". Via Butler University's "Avoiding Plagiarism" from All icons from Font Awesome.